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      新东方网>成都新东方学校>泡泡少儿>正文

      小学英语1-6年级知识点大全(最全整理)!

      2019-03-31 14:32

      来源:学车?#35760;?/span>

      作者:

      小学阶段必备的英语语法知识点,时态,句型,常用词大全,你需要的都在这儿了,多读几遍,记在脑子里哦!


      现在进行时

      表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用,结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.

      如:It is raining now.

      外面正在下雨

      It is six o’clock now.

      现在6点了

      My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.

      我父母正在客厅看报纸

      Look! The children are having a running race now.

      看!孩?#29992;?#27491;在赛跑

      问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.

      一般现在时

      表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) on Sundays等词连用。

      结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.

      如:We have an English lesson every day.

      我们每天都要上英语课

      Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.

      男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的

      问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原。

      一般过去时

      表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。

      结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。

      注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。

      如:My earphones were on the ground just now.

      我的耳机刚刚还在呢。

      Where were you last week? I was at a camp.

      你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了

      What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm

      你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。

      问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原;

      否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原。

      一般将来时

      表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等词连用。结构是主语+be(am, is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will +动原。

      如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.

      你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。

      The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.

      孩?#29992;?#19979;个星期将参加运动会。

      Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.

      Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。

      问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.

      情态动词

      can; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加动词原形。

      如:The girl can’t swim, but she can skate.

      女孩不会游泳,但是会滑冰

      Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.

      不要再课上说话,你应该认真听老师讲。

      祈使句

      肯定祈使句以动词原形开头;否定祈使句以don’t加动词原形开头。

      如:Open the box for me ,please.

      请为我打开盒子。

      Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.

      刘涛,明天请早点起床!

      Don’t walk on the grass!

      不要在草地上走!

      Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.

      海伦!不要爬树。

      go的用法

      去干嘛用go +动词ing

      如: go swimming; go fishing;

      go skating;

      go camping;

      go running;

      go skiing;

      go rowing…

      比较

      than 前用比较级;as…as之间用原级。

      如:My mother is two years younger than my father.

      我妈比我爸年轻两岁。

      Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.

      刘涛跳得和本一样远。

      ?#19981;?#20570;某事

      用like +动词ing或like+ to + 动原。

      如: Su Yang likes growing flowers.

      苏阳?#19981;?#31181;花。

      The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.

      孩?#29992;竅不?#22312;春节去玩花灯。

      想要做某事

      用 would like +to+动原或want + to +动原。

      例:I’d like to visit the History Museum.=I want to visit the History Museum

      some

      用于肯定句?#26657;?#22312;否定句和问句中改为any,但当表示委婉语气时仍用

      如:Can I have some writing paper? Would you like some orange juice?

      代词

      人称代词主格做主语用一般放在句首或动词前,主格分别是 I you he she it we you they。

      宾格做宾语用,一般放在动词或介词后

      如:Open them for me. Let us …, join me等。

      宾格分别是me you him her it us you them。

      形容词性物主代词放在名词前,不能单独使用,分别是my your his her its our your their

      名词性物主代词相当于形物?#29992;?#35789;,它只能单独使用后面不好?#29992;?#35789;,分别是mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs。

      介词

      介词后要么不加动词,加动词只能加动词ing?#38382;?/span>

      如:be good at running;

      do well in jumping;

      时间介词

      季节前,月份前用介词in

      如:in summer;in March

      具体的哪一天如星期几,几月几日用介词on

      如:on Saturday; on the second of April; on Wednesday morning

      在几点钟前用介词at

      如: at a quarter to four;

      只在上下午晚上用in

      如:in the morning/ afternoon/ evening;

      但在夜间用at night。

      另:季节,月份和星期前不好加the.

      名词?#35789;?#26500;成的方法

      有规则的?#26657;?/span>

      (1)直接在名词后加s

      如orange—oranges; photo—photos;

      (2) 以x, s, sh, ch 结尾的加es

      如:box—boxes; glass—glasses; waitress—waitresses; watch—watches;peach--peaches

      (3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

      如:study—studies;library—libraries; hobby—hobbies; family—families;

      (4)以f, fe结尾的改f, fe 为v+es如:knife—knives; thief—thieves(注:以o结尾的我们学过的只有mango加es, mango—mangoes其余加s,)

      ?#36824;?#21017;的?#26657;?/span>

      man—men; woman—women; people—people; child—children

      动词第三人称单数的构成

      (1)直接在动词后加s

      如:run—runs; dance—dances

      (2)以s,sh,ch,o结尾的加es

      如:do—does;go—goes;wash—washes;catch—catches

      (3)以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

      如:study—studies; carry—carries;

      现在分词的构成

      (1)直接在动词后加ing

      如:sing—singing; ski—skiing;

      (2)双写词尾加ing

      如:swim—swimming; jog—jogging;run—running;

      (3)以不发音的e结尾的去e加ing

      如:ride—riding; dance—dancing; make—making;

      规则动词过去式的构成

      (1)直接在动词后加ed

      如:clean—cleaned; milk—milked; play—played;

      (2)以e结尾的直接加d

      如:dance—danced; taste—tasted;

      (3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加ed

      如:study—studied;carry—carried;

      (4)双写词尾加ed

      如:stop—stopped; jog—jogged;

      ?#36824;?#21017;的?#26657;篴m,is—was; are—were; do,does—did; have,has—had; go—went; meet—met; sit—sat; see—saw; get—got; tell—told; run—ran; come—came; steal—stole; read—read;

      形容词副?#26102;?#36739;级的构成

      规则的:

      (1)直接在形容词或副词后加er

      如;small—smaller; low—lower;

      (2)以e结尾的加r

      如:late—larer;

      (3)双写词尾加er

      如:big—bigger; thin—thinner; fat—fatter;

      (4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加er

      如:heavy—heavier; early—earlier;

      ?#36824;?#21017;的?#26657;?/span>

      good, well—better(最高级为best); many, much--- more(最高级为most); far---farther;

      rain与snow的用法

      (1)作为名词意思是雨水和雪是不可数名词

      如:There is a lot of rain there in spring. 那儿的春天有很多雨水。

      (2) 作为动词意思是下雨和下雪,有四种?#38382;?#20998;别是:

      动词原形rain, snow;

      第三人称单数rains ,snows;

      现在分词raining; snowing

      过去式rained; snowed;

      如?#23401;貺ook! It is raining now. 瞧!天正在下雨。

      ②It often rains in Nantong in summer.南通夏天经常下雨。

      ③ It rained yesterday.昨天下了雨。

      ④It is going to rain tomorrow. 明天要下雨。

      (3)形容词为rainy 和snowy 意思是有雨的和有雪的

      如:It is often rainy here in spring.这儿的春天经常是有雨的。

      If it is rainy tomorrow, I’ll stay at home.如果明天是有雨的,我将呆在家里。


      比较级

      注意只?#22411;?#31867;事物才可进行比较。

      如:My eyes are bigger than hers.Your school bag is heavier than mine. My computer is nicer than Nancy’s. My brother is stronger than me.

      have, has

      表示某人有(has用于第三人称单数);There is/ are;

      There was/ were 表示?#36710;?#23384;在有

      注意There be 句型的就近原则

      单数或不可数用there is /was;

      ?#35789;?#29992;there are/ were.

      本身就是?#35789;?#30340;词

      眼镜glasses; 耳机earphones; 鞋shoes;裤子trousers等?#26102;?#36523;是?#35789;?/span>

      如:My glasses were on the chair just now.

      但如果表示这双,这副,一双的时候用单数

      如:There is a pair of chopsticks on the plate. This pair of earphones is for you.

      五个元音字母分别是 Aa, Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu;

      一个的用法

      a用于辅音前不是辅音字母前;an 用于元音前不是元音字母前。

      如:There is an ’s’, a ‘t’, a ‘u’, a ‘d’ ,an ‘e’, an ‘n’,and a ‘t’ in the word ‘student’.

      时间表示法

      有两种:

      (1)直接读时钟?#22836;种印?/span>

      如6:10读成 six ten; 7:30读成seven thirty; 8:45读成eight forty-five;

      (2)用to与past表示。

      在半小时包括半小时以内用几分past几点

      如:6:10读成ten past six; 7:30读成half past seven;

      过了半小时用下一个钟点差几分

      如7:45读成a quarter to eight; 9:50读成ten to ten;

      基数?#26102;?#24207;数词的方法

      基变序有规律,结尾加上th; 一二三特殊例,结尾字母t、d(即first, second, third);

      八去t, 九去e, ve要用f替(即eigh—eighth; nine—ninth; five-- fifth ;twelve—twelfth);

      ty改y为ie后加th别忘记(即整十数如twenty—twentieth;forty—fortieth);

      几十几十位为基个位为序(如第二十一为twenty-first)。

      另外强调序数词前一定要加the。

      日期的表示法

      用the+序数词+ of +月

      如:三月三日 the third of March;

      12月25日 the 25th of December.

      both 表示两者都

      如:My parents are both teachers.

      all表示三者以上都

      如:The students are all very excited.

      节日的表示法

      有day的节日前用on.

      没有day的节日前用at,

      如:at Christmas; on Christmas Day; at New Year; on New Year’s Day.


      激动兴奋的

      excited表示激动的,兴奋地主语是人;

      exciting表示令人激动的,令人兴奋的主语是事情

      如:The running race is very exciting, so all the students are very excited.

      赛跑非常令人激动,因此所有的学生都很激动。

      比较

      两者比较用比较级,三者以上比较用最高级

      如:Who runs faster, the boy or the girl? The boy does

      谁跑得更快,男孩还是女孩?男孩。

      Which season do you like best? I like autumn best.

      你最?#19981;賭母?#23395;节?我最?#19981;?#31179;天。

      Which season do you like better, summer or winter? I like winter better.

      你更?#19981;賭母?#23395;节,夏天还是冬天?我更?#19981;?#20908;天。

      动词还原的用法

      前面用了do, does did, don’t, doesn’t didn’t后面动词要还原。

      如:Did she watch TV last night?

      Helen doesn’t like taking photos.

      到了

      到达用get to

      但注意到家,到这儿,到那儿不可以加to

      如:get home; get here; get there,

      另外go home; come here; go there也一样。

      长着和穿着

      长着什么用with

      如:the girl with big eyes 大眼睛的女孩;

      穿着什么用in

      如:the man in black穿黑衣服的男人

      或:the woman in the white skirt 穿白色短裙的妇女

      让某人做某事

      用let sb后加动词原形

      如:Let’s water the flowers together.

      是该做…的时候了用It’s time for+名词或It’s time to +动原。

      帮助某人做某事是help sb with sth

      如:帮我学英语是 help me with my English

      树上

      外来的东西在树上用in the tree

      如:the bird in the tree;

      树上长的用on the tree

      如:the apples on the tree

      运动和乐器

      球类之前不加the;

      乐器之前必须加the

      如:play the piano; play football

      get后加比较级表示变得更怎么样

      如:get stronger; get longer

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